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Towards Reconciliation of Islam and Artificial Intelligence (AI)


Talal Agil Attas Alkhiri


Vol. 22  No. 5  pp. 439-448


The objective of this paper is to conceptualize artificial intelligence (AI) from the Islamic viewpoint. It outlines the Islamic vision, principles, and premises that govern the course of human behavior in general including Man’s utilization of AI. It defines the frameworks and ethical references for AI religiously, ethically, and civilly. The paper used a descriptive analytical design. It encompasses two sections: the first section lays out a conceptual framework of AI including its historical roots and philosophical origins, features, goals and significance. The second section provides a theoretical background of ethical theories and approaches that account for the concept of AI ethics: legitimacy and philosophy of ethics, and contemporary AI ethical interpretation trends. It demonstrates how modern philosophical vision deals with ethics related to science and AI based on virtue ethics, utility ethics, or the ethics of duty. These theories are based on statements of neutralizing religion as a component in directing ethics and science. However, the Islamic conception of AI is based on belief, religion and ethics as a starting point for science and civilizational outputs. It is all based on faith in God and observance of the legitimate purposes of Islam and the highest human and civilizational values as loci of societal reform to preserve humans’ dignity. It also enhances the values of God-fearing to control uses of things, human dignity, privacy, honesty and transparency, justice and fairness, responsibility and accountability.


Artificial intelligence (AI), Ethics, Principles