To search, Click below search items.


All Published Papers Search Service


Distinction between HAPS and LEO Satellite Communications under Dust and Sand Storms Levels and other Attenuations


Kamal Harb


Vol. 22  No. 3  pp. 382-388


Satellite communication for high altitude platform stations (HAPS) and low earth orbit (LEO) systems suffer from dust and sand (DU&SA) storms in the desert regions such as Saudi Arabia. These attenuations have a distorting effect on signal fidelity at high frequency of operations. This results signal to noise ratio (SNR) to dramatically decreasing and leads to wireless transmission error. The main focus in this paper is to propose common relations between HAPS and LEO for the atmospheric impairments affecting the satellite communication networks operating above Ku?band crossing the propagation path. A double phase three dimensional relationship for HAPS and LEO systems is then presented. The comparison model present the analysis of atmospheric attenuation with specific focus on sand and dust based on particular size, visibility, adding gaseous effects for different frequency, and propagation angle to provide system operations with a predicted vision of satellite parameters' values. Skillful decision and control system (SD&CS) is proposed to control applied parameters that lead to improve satellite network performance and to get the ultimate receiving wireless signal under bad weather condition.


Dust and Sand (DU&SA), Gaseous Attenuations, Satellite Communications Networks, Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), and Skillful Decision and Control System (SD&CS).